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Autor Subiect: Asasinarea lui Tycho Brahe de catre Johannes Kepler  (Citit de 3629 ori)

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Offline sandokhan

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Asasinarea lui Tycho Brahe de catre Johannes Kepler
« : Martie 22, 2008, 03:01:44 p.m. »
Un site exceptional despre Tycho Brahe:
http://www.nada.kth.se/%7Efred/tycho/index.html

Cum l-au asasinat pe Tycho Brahe, mai multe detalii:
http://www.reformation.org/tycho-brahe.html

Tycho Brahe l-a atacat virulent pe Copernic, denuntand teoria falsa si miturile prezentate in opera lui Nicolas...masonii si-au dat seama ca au un adversar de netrecut pe taramul stiintific, si au recurs la asasinarea lui prin otravire cu mercur (vezi http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/product-description/0385508441), asasinul fiind chiar Kepler...

Apoi, Kepler, un astrolog prapadit inainte de al intalni pe Brahe, a petrecut mai bine de PATRU ANI studiind datele lui Tycho Brahe, si incercand in fel si chip sa potriveasca aceste date pentru un sistem heliocentric...apoi si-a copiat toate cele trei legi din Aryabhattia si Siddhanta Shiromani...

Despre asasinarea lui Tycho Brahe mai multe detalii pe: http://www.fixedearth.com/brahe_poisoned.htm

Tycho Brahe believed that the earth was fixed in the center of the world. Around the earth circulated the moon and the sun. Around the sun orbited the rest of the planets. He based this view mostly on measurements of the apparent movement of Mars, and he did not think it was explained by the traditional ptolemaic geocentric world system, where the earth was in the center and everything orbited around the earth.

Without the aid of a telescope he took careful measurements of the stars and planets. His calculations proved that the Ptolemaic and Copernican models of the universe were absolutely untenable.

By 1584, his observations had enabled him to construct a scientific and comprehensive model of the solar system which placed the earth at the center of the universe with the sun revolving around the earth and the planets revolving around the sun.

He called it the Tychonic planetary system.

That same year, a self 'educated' son of a swineherd named Nicholas Reimers Ursus visited the observatory and managed to copy some of his heavenly charts.

This Nicholas Reimers Ursus was appointed court mathematician to the unholy Roman emperor Rudolf II in Prague. The trap was now set to lure Tyco to Prague, murder him, and replace his model with the corrupt Copernican moving earth system.

Ursus and Johannes Kepler destroyed the work of Tycho Brahe.

Two men were used to destroy the life and work of the great Dane Tycho Brahe. Their names were Nicholas Reimers Ursus and Johannes Kepler.
Nicholas Reimers was the son of a swineherd from the present day Holstein region in northern Germany.

In 1559, the region was conquered by Denmark and became part of that kingdom with Danish now spoken as well as German.

The self 'educated' Reimers became an assistant to Eric Lange, a Danish nobleman and relative of Tycho Brahe.

Reimers visited Unaniborg and managed to steal the solar model of Tycho.

In 1588, Reimers added an additional surname Ursus (bear) to his name and wrote a book based on the Tychonic model. This book got him a job as an astrologer with the unholy Roman emperor Frederick II in Prague. He was the 'bait' to lure Tycho to Prague.

This sinister Kepler managed to become the assistant of the great scientist and astronomer Tycho Brahe.

Kepler was an absolutely unknown figure in the world of astronomy until he sent a book to Brahe who was in exile from his own country. On the same day as Brahe received Kepler's book, he also received a horribly libelous book by Ursus claiming that he (Brahe) was forced to leave Denmark for some horrible crime.

The book by Ursus has a copy of a letter written by JOHANNES KEPLER praising Ursus as one of the best mathematicians and astronomers in Europe!!

Tycho began a correspondence with Kepler and eventually invited him to Prague. He sees Kepler as useful for one purpose only: Kepler agrees to help him prosecute Ursus for libel.

Tycho never trusted Kepler and refused to show him his charts and calculations. This made Kepler FURIOUS. Forced to flee his native land with the Inquisition hot on his heels, Tycho published his masterpiece entitled Astronomiae Instaurate Mechanica and he mailed copies to all the principal courts in Europe. No door opened to him except one: the court of the unholy Roman emperor Rudolf von Habsburg. Rudolf spent several years in Spain with king Philip II and when he arrived back in Vienna he poisoned his father, Emperor Maximilian II. His other brothers hated him and that is why he moved his headquarters to Prague.

In 1600, Kepler managed to insinuate himself into the confidence of Tycho Brahe and was appointed assistant mathematician. He immediately began to make demands . . . with the good natured and trusting Tycho consenting to most of them. The one demand that Tycho refused to grant was access to his observations....This denial filled Kepler with RAGE.

Tycho attends a banquet . . . and dies 11 days later!!

On Oct. 13, 1601, Tycho attended a banquet with some friends:

'A few weeks after the audience with Rudolf, Brahe accompanied Councilor Ernfried von Minckwitz to a banquet at the mansion of Peter Vok Ursinus Rozmberk across the square from the entrance to the Hradcany Castle. While there, the illness that would take his life came on with alarming rapidity. For the next ten days he would writhe in agony, on the last night feverishly repeating the refrain, 'May I not have appeared to have lived in vain!' On the morning of the eleventh day, the most famous astronomer in all Europe drew his last breath' (Heavenly Intrigue, p. 19. .

On Oct. 24, 1601, Tycho Brahe finally succumbed to the poison:

'It was then that Brahe sang hymns and prayed with his family, strongly enjoined them to 'have care of all those in want without distinction,' commanded them to live piously and honorably and to hope for divine aid. It was also at this time that, conscious of how low the family finances had fallen, he made a special point of bequeathing his observational logbooks and instruments—the most valuable possessions he owned—to his heirs. 'Thereafter between prayers and exhortations, he said goodbye to us all and to this life so tranquilly that he was not seen or heard to fail. And so, on the twelfth day from this, which was October 24, when he had lived 54 years, 9 months, and 29 days, the illustrious and most noble Lord Tycho Brahe, a singular gift of nature and an ornament to literature, was taken away.'(Heavenly Intrigue, p. 201).

Kepler succeeded Tycho as court mathematician!!

Kepler succeeded Tycho as court mathematician to Emperor Rudolf II. Tycho had specified in his will that his heirs should get all his observations—over 34 volumes representing almost 40 years of hard work. Kepler managed to STEAL all of them. With Copernicus and Galileo, Kepler is now know as one of the 'fathers' of 'science' thanks to the work of Tycho Brahe.

The famous Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601), active on the island Hven between Denmark and Sweden made fundamental contributions to science through his astronomic observations. This gave him an international reputation and he was also strongly favored by the Danish King, Fredrik II. Tycho Brahe was not popular everywhere, and after the death of King Fredrik II, he left Hven and spent the last years of his life in Prague under protection of the Emperor Rudolph. During a banquet he got acute problems from his prostate, but did not leave 'until too late'. He got sick, suffering from fever and attacks of giddiness for many days. He got worse and finally died on the 24th of October, as it was said, due to urinary poisoning.

New scientific facts however question the historically believed explanations of his death. Strands from his beard, which had been stored in Prague, were analyzed (using atomic absorption analysis) for Pb, Hg and As by the Laboratory of Forensic Chemistry in Copenhagen. Increased levels of Hg (and Pb) were found. By courtesy of the Landskrona Arts Museum, Sweden, having an exhibition about Tycho Brahe, it was possible to obtain some hair strands to make an investigation using another technique.

The strands were transferred to the Lund Nuclear Microprobe facility at the Lund University and analyzed by PIXE. The advantage of using a Nuclear Microprobe is that it has a multielemental capability and also a high spatial resolution. This means, that it is not only possible to tell which elements that are present in a sample, but also where. Several hair strands were thus investigated searching for Pb and Hg.

One of the hair strands, which also contained the hair root, exhibited very high local concentration of mercury (Hg). The location of mercury was close to the hair root.

The cause of Brahe's death had been debated for 400 years, but in 1991, forensic study of remains of Brahe's hair discovered lethal levels of mercury in his system.

Immediately following Brahe's death, rumors flew across Europe that he had been poisoned. Brahe, at fifty-four, was still strong and healthy. There had been no previous symptoms. His death seemed too sudden. The rumors spread across Germany and as far afield as Norway, where the bishop of Bergen, Andreas Foss, wrote to Brahe's old assistant and trusted companion Longomontanus: 'I would like to know whether you have particular knowledge about Tycho Brahe, because recently an unpleasant rumor has developed, namely that he died, but not a usual death. . . .'
Kepler was heavily influenced by the occult, as was his mother, and the latter's endeavor may have led to her trial as a witch (Kepler's Witch, James A. Connor, Harper Collins, 2004, pp. 275-307. The Sleepwalkers, pp. 389-393). Following his Neo-platonic philosophy, Kepler's main motivation for bringing the sun into the center of the planetary system, as had Copernicus before him, was that he considered it worthy of symbolic deification. In one passage he describes the sun as: 'Who alone appears, by virtue of his dignity and power, suited.and worthy to become the home of God himself, not to say the first mover' (On the Motion of Mars, Prague, 1609, Chapter 4).

Much more disturbing, however, is another facet to Kepler's life that has been hidden from the eyes of the world for the last four hundred years. Although most historians were aware of Kepler's nefarious inclinations wherein jealousy and ambition ruled his motives, few were prepared for what recent forensic evidence has revealed. Whereas most scholars had thought Kepler's employer, the renowned Tycho de Brahe, died of a urinary tract infection, an exhumation and chemical analysis of his hair shows lethal levels of mercury poisoning just hours before his death (Joshua Gilder and Anne-Lee Gilder, Heavenly Intrigue: Johannes Kepler, Tycho Brahe, and the Murder Behind one of History's Greatest Scientific Discoveries, New York: Doubleday, 2004, pp. 145, 206-234). Kepler, already steeped in the Copernican theory that he freely wielded in his Lutheran circles with little reproach, desperately needed Brahe's forty-years worth of planet- and star-charting to bring his 'Mysterium Cosmographicum' visions to fruition. As Kepler describes it:


For among the most powerful causes of visiting Tycho was this also, that I might learn the truer proportions of the deviations [of the planets] from him, by which I might examine both my Cosmic Mystery and The Harmony of the World. For these a priori speculations ought not to impinge on clear experience: but with it be reconciled.

How valuable were these charts and data? Without them Kepler would have been just another seventeenth-century astronomer struggling to make a living by reading astrological horoscopes, for he would have had little upon which to base his theory regarding the motions of the planets. Modern telescopic observation reveals that, without ever using a telescope, Brahe's data of fixed stars was consistently accurate to within 1 minute of arc or better. His observations of planetary positions were reliable to about 4 minutes of arc, which was more than twice the accuracy produced by the best observers of antiquity. In fact, it was Tycho's express desire to use his precise measurements to uncover the errors in Copernicus' solar system. This data was absolutely priceless, and Kepler, who revered Tycho and called him The Phoenix of Astronomy, would eventually pay, the evidence shows, the ultimate price to obtain it. Brahe knew of Kepler's intention to acquire the charts, but he wouldn't budge, since he was the staunchest anti-Copernican of his day. Tycho's very first letter to Kepler outlined his express desire that his forty-years of painstaking work be used to promote the geocentric system, and he had more than a suspicion that Kepler was planning just the opposite. In the words of one author:


Kepler knew that in Tycho's possession were the raw observations that he, as 'architect,' longed to assemble into a coherent picture of planetary motion. And Tycho knew that the gifted Kepler had the mathematical wherewithal to prove the validity of the Tychonic [geocentric] system of the heavens. But Kepler was a confirmed Copernican; Tycho's model had no appeal to him, and he had no intention of polishing this flawed edifice to the great man's ego (Alan W. Hirshfeld, Parallax: The Race to Measure the Universe, New York: W. H. Freeman and Co, 2001, pp. 92-93).

As the plot thickens, Kepler's diary records the following:


Let all keep silence and hark to Tycho who has devoted thirty-five years to his observations. For Tycho alone do I wait; he shall explain to me the order and arrangement of the orbits. Then I hope I shall one day, if God keeps me alive, erect a wonderful edifice.
'Brahe may discourage me from Copernicus (or even from the five perfect solids) but rather I think about striking Tycho himself with a sword.I think thus about Tycho: he abounds in riches, which like most rich people he does not rightly use. Therefore great effort has to be given that we may wrest his riches away from him. We will have to go begging, of course, so that he may sincerely spread his observations around' (Letter to Michael Maestlin, February 16 1599, Gesammelte Werke, vol. xiii, p. 289).


Scheming to come into Brahe's company, Kepler finally met him for the first time on February 4, 1600. Tycho put Kepler to work crunching numbers in the hopes of 'turning his Tychonic system from a rough schematic diagram of the heavens into an accurate model from which exact predictions of planetary motion could be made..the Tychonic system - which Kepler, as a Copernican, disdained.' As Kepler describes the toil: 'I would have brought my discussion about the Harmony of the World long ago to an end except that the Astronomy of Tycho occupied me so totally that I almost was insane.'

Eighteen months later, Brahe, although the epitome of perfect health, suddenly died. All the evidence points to Kepler as the perpetrator. After several of Kepler's plots to confiscate Brahe's records were foiled, the ultimate plot was hatched. Kepler, having become familiar with Brahe's alchemical laboratory, knew the precise dosage of mercuric chloride solution that would initiate the onset of Brahe's demise. PIXE analysis [particle-induced X-ray emission] has confirmed the presence of the lethal levels of residual mercury and calcium, the latter originating from the milk that was used to camouflage the poison - a favorite medium in those times.

With his usual knack for introspective understatements, Kepler tells his diary: 'I confess that when Tycho died, I quickly took advantage of the absence, or lack of circumspection, of the heirs, by taking the observations under my care, or perhaps usurping them.' The rest is history, as they say, but it is filled with enough intrigue to make even Agatha Christie envious of the story line.

"An important scientific innovation
rarely makes its way by gradually
winning over and converting its
opponents: What does happen is that
the opponents gradually die out."
M. Planck